There are lots of people who think project phases are a project management related concept. The fact is, they are more of a work and deliverable concept. Project phases get confused with the project management process groups defined by the Project Management Institute (PMI): initiating, planning, executing, controlling, and closing. These process groups are a different beast all together.
Let’s put the confusion to rest once and for all. Project phases, or sometimes called project lifecycle phases, are high-level summary categories of activities that produce project deliverables. They are usually industry specific and have been established through years of experience in an attempt to create a repeatable approach to efficiently producing products, services or results.
Here are some examples of industry projects with established phases:
So, don’t confuse project phases with project management.